Whenever we attempt to solve a problem in Design Technology (Resistant Materials) we must always attempt to clearly define the problem and attempt to explain why we think it is necessary for the problem to be solved. This is called the Situation
Situation for a bottle opener (example)
Occasionally it is necessary to open the top of a soft drink bottle at home before consuming the contents. I have examined a variety of bottle openers which are sold in local shops but have found them to be either too expensive or unattractive in their design. I have yet to find the particular type of bottle opener shape that I want.
The next step in attempting to solve a problem is to clearly explain, in detail, how we intend to create a solution. This is called the Design Brief.
Brief for a bottle opener (example)
I intend to design and make a pocket size bottle opener which will be comfortable to hold. The bottle opener will be made from mild steel and the handle may be plastic coated in order in order to produce a comfortable grip. The opener may even have a leather strap in order for it to be hung up when not in use.
Once we have established the situation and brief we need to create a set of Criteria or Specifications in order for us to begin to design the object.
Specifications for a bottle opener (example)
. The handle of the bottle opener has to be comfortable to hold.
· The bottle opener has to be able to open the top of the bottle.
· The bottle opener has to be pocket size.
· The opener has to be strong enough not to break when in use.
· The opener shape must be interesting.
· The opener can not have any dangerous sharp corners or edges.
· The opener may be hung up when not in use.
· The opener will be made from mild steel.
· The opener may be plastic coated or painted to protect it and to make it comfortable to use.
· The opener handle may incorporate wood or plastic.
· The opener may have to open a variety of sizes of bottle tops.
LESSON TASK :-
TO TYPE A SITUATION, BRIEF AND SPECIFICATIONS LIST FOR A CLOCK TO BE MADE BY YOU WITHIN 7 WEEKS. YOUR WORK MAY BE LAYED OUT IN A SIMILAR FORMAT TO THE ABOVE OR YOU MAY WISH TO DEVELOP YOUR OWN LAYOUT.
YOU MUST CONSIDER WHO WILL USE THE CLOCK AND AS A RESULT WHAT WILL BE ITS THEME.
YOU ARE LIMITED TO THE MATERIALS GIVEN ON THE TASK SHEET.
WILL THE CLOCK BE FREE STANDING OR WALL MOUNTED?
IF WALL MOUNTED HOW WILL IT BE FIXED TO THE WALL?
Programmes of Study
3a To develop and use design briefs and detailed specifications;