Pupils generate ideas and recognise that their designs have to meet a range of different needs.
They make realistic plans for achieving their aims. They clarify ideas when asked and use words, labelled sketches and models to communicate the details of their designs.
They think ahead about the order of their work, choosing appropriate tools, equipment, materials, components and techniques.
They use tools and equipment with some accuracy to cut and shape materials and to put together components.
They identify where evaluation of the design and make process and their products has led to improvements.