The Time Project
Lesson 5: Hardwoods


Softwoods table
Hardwoods table

Programmes of study



Hardwoods are produced by broad leaved trees whose seeds are enclosed in fruit e.g. acorns. They have a variety of grains and a multitude of colours.

Evergreen hardwoods.

These are trees that keep their leaves all the year round. They generally grow quicker than deciduous trees and grow to a larger size. They are usually softer and easier to work than deciduous trees. There are only two European evergreens and these are holly and the laurel. Most evergreens are found in tropical or sub-tropical countries such as South America, central America, Africa, Burma, India and East and West Indies. Examples of Evergreen Hardwoods are:-
Mahogany, Teak, African Walnut, Iroko, Afrormosia, Ebony and Balsa.

Deciduous Hardwoods

These are the trees that lose their leaves in winter. They generally grow in temperate climates including the British Isles, Europe, Japan, New Zealand, Chile, and central U.S.A. Examples of Deciduous Hardwoods are:-
Oak, Ash, Elm, Beech, Birch, Walnut, Sycamore, Chestnut and Lime.

The terms softwoods and hardwoods are used to describe the leaves, seeds and structure of the trees. It is not used to describe the type of wood produced e.g. Balsa is light and very soft to use. It is used to make light weight models. It is however a hardwood. Yew is a coniferous tree but is heavy and hard to use like some hardwoods.

Lesson Task :

To be able to appreciate the great variety of hardwoods and softwoods commonly used in society.
To be able to answer questions regarding the properties, uses and common forms of woods.

Useful links

Situation & Brief

Orthographic Drawing

Brain Storming
Plastics Theory
Woods Theory
Metals Theory
Drawing Styles
Tools used
Vacuum Forming
Quality Control

Teacher's Rationale
Programmes of Study

The narrative text on this website is copyright. This means that any school which
copies the site for local use onto a school cache is in breach of copyright.